Historians, for example, know that Shakespeare's play Henry V was not written before 1587 because Shakespeare's primary source for writing his play was the second edition of Raphael Holinshed's Chronicles, not published until 1587.
Thus, 1587 is the post quem dating of Shakespeare's play Henry V.
Chronological dating, or simply dating, is the process of attributing to an object or event a date in the past, allowing such object or event to be located in a previously established chronology.
A completely detailed Shroud chronology can be found in the 1998 book titled "The Blood and the Shroud," by Ian Wilson, that includes the earlier, more speculative and "circumstantial" material as well.
(It is available directly from via the Books section of the Website Store page of this site).
Time factors of millions and billions of years is difficult even for adults to comprehend.
However, "relative" dating or time can be an easy concept for students to learn.
Sequencing the rock layers will show students how paleontologists use fossils to give relative dates to rock strata.
Once students begin to grasp "relative" dating, they can extend their knowledge of geologic time by exploring radiometric dating and developing a timeline of Earth's history.
The paper found that 92% of these stations are positioned in sites that can cause errors of 1.8ºF (1ºC) or more.  For example, some stations are located over asphalt (making them hotter at certain times), and others are located in partial shade (making them cooler at certain times).
By comparing data from poorly positioned stations with other stations that are properly positioned, the study determined that the temperature irregularities in the poorly positioned stations cancel one another so that their average temperature trends are “statistically indistinguishable” from the properly positioned stations.
Several dating methods exist, depending on different criteria and techniques, and some very well known examples of disciplines using such techniques are, for example, history, archaeology, geology, paleontology, astronomy and even forensic science, since in the latter it is sometimes necessary to investigate the moment in the past in which the death of a cadaver occurred.