They are developing a nasal spray that they hope will lead to a more effective treatment.
There is no doubt that social and religious values are an important factor.
The Senegalese culture is traditional and religious belief is strong.
A team of Canadian researchers are working to create this new method of distributing antiretroviral therapy drugs so it can reach the brain faster.
Their new study presents the first model to predict the growth and progression of HIV, allowing researchers to see how the disease spreads through the brain.
The researchers now believe they can provide an estimate of how the HIV-infected brain will develop and use this information to eliminate the virus from the brain.
Consistently used condoms provide significant protection against HIV, pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).Many nations in the world have strong religious and social values, but the Senegalese government decided early on that the subject of HIV/AIDS must be discussed openly. UNAIDS figures show that in the year 2007 the death toll was 2.1 million [Sharlip, 2008]. 60 million have been infected with HIV (13,000 each day, i.e., one every 7 seconds; 2.7 million in 2007).For every one person put on therapy, 6 people get infected with HIV [Honey, 2007].At the 4th International AIDS Society Conference in 2007 the Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and top advisor on HIV and AIDS to the President of the USA stated that there have been scientific advances that the research community should be proud of, namely the finding that male circumcision substantially reduces the risk of acquiring HIV [Honey, 2007].The degree of protection they offer against HIV and STIs is significantly better than any other single prevention method, taken in isolation, other than sexual abstinence or complete mutual monogamy between two people who have tested negative for HIV.